Dis • cour • aged
- to deprive of courage, hope, or confidence; dishearten; dispirit.
- to dissuade (usually followed by from ).
- to obstruct by opposition or difficulty; hinder: Low prices discourage industry.
- to express or make clear disapproval of; frown upon: to discourage the expression of enthusiasm.
courage c.1300, from O.Fr. corage (12c., Mod.Fr. courage) “heart, innermost feelings; temper,” from V.L. *coraticum (cf. It. coraggio, Sp. coraje), from L. cor “heart,” which remains a common metaphor for inner strength. In M.E., used broadly for “what is in one’s mind or thoughts,” hence “bravery,” but also “wrath, pride, confidence, lustiness,” or any sort of inclination. Replaced O.E. ellen, which also meant “zeal, strength.”